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September 1960

The Western Mind in Transition.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1960;3(3):330. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1960.01710030116014

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The name of Franz Alexander is known and respected all over the world as that of a leading psychoanalyst and the originator and persistent advocate of "specificity" in psychosomatic theory. No matter what effect subsequent investigations may have on his special formulations, Alexander's historical position has been well established as a profound innovator in psychoanalysis and a stimulator of intense interest in comprehensive medicine, and an advocate of flexibility, freedom, and scholasticism in a world that is steadily moving toward conformity and restrictive organization. His ideas were first put into practical operation in the Chicago Psychoanalytic Institute, which he founded and directed for twenty-five years. In a discipline that should be passionately concerned with freedom, psychoanalysis in general and the Chicago Institute in particular eventually succumbed to the overwhelming constrictions of modern "regulation." Alexander lost his battle against the leadership of those who rose to "political" power in the

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