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November 1960

Function of Music in Spontaneous Art Productions

Author Affiliations

From the Institute for Psychosomatic and Psychiatric Research and Training, Michael Reese Hospital.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1960;3(5):490-503. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1960.01710050040004

Introduction  This study is an effort to determine the effect of music on drawings of subjects from 3 different groups: schizophrenics, neurotically depressed patients, and healthy control subjects. Our hypothesis states that there are definite relationships between the musical stimuli and the way subjects of the same diagnostic groups express themselves graphically. A further development of this hypothesis is that control subjects exhibit constant graphic patterns in their use of color, movement, line and form, and pressure in their responses to musical stimuli. Depressed subjects demonstrate less consistent patterns in their pictorial response to music than control subjects; schizophrenic subjects show no consistency in their pictorial response to music.Despite an expectation of a relatively constant relationship between a musical stimulus and the way subjects in the same diagnostic group express themselves, it is assumed that the impact of music and the resulting affective experience will

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