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Article
January 1961

Hypnotism: A Focus for Psychophysiological and Psychoanalytic Investigations

Author Affiliations

TOWSON, MD.
Director of Training, The Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital, Towson, Md.
Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine (on leave of absence).
Faculty, New York Psychoanalytic Institute (on leave of absence).
Lecturer in Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, New York.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1961;4(1):40-54. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1961.01710070042006
Abstract

I. Introduction  Several psychological processes operate concurrently on conscious, preconscious, and unconscious levels to contribute to the development of all hypnoidal phenomenon, including the fully evolved hypnotic state. There is, however, no general agreement as to what constitutes the unique essence of these psychological ingredients either individually or in their grouping, as they play their roles either in the induction of hypnosis or in the manifestations of the fully achieved hypnotic state. It is easier to describe what is unique about the process of induction than about the end-result.1. During the process of induction, with varying ease and in varying degrees, the subject temporarily abdicates the use of his own native, self-protecting and alerting mechanisms, placing himself and his sense of "security" in the hands of another.2. Obviously, this granting of a protective role to another derives from infancy and involves complex transference and counter

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