Although child rearing has for long seemed a matter of great importance it has seldom been subjected to systematic study. It has, rather, been a field of speculation which has at best been informed and at worst, harmfully ignorant, in its quality. In recent years, however, there have been a number of studies which have helped to cast some light upon both normal and abnormal methods associated with certain disturbances of behavior in the children. Sears, Maccoby, and Levin began a study of 379 American families with 3 questions in mind: How do mothers raise their children? What effects do these practices have on the children's personality? and thirdly, What leads a mother to use one method rather than another? They concluded that warmth in the mother was a valuable quality and that maternal coldness was associated with the development of feeding problems and persistent
SLOANE RB, DAVIDSON P, HOLLAND L, PAYNE RW. Aggression and Effects of Upbringing in Normal Students. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1962;7(5):374–384. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1962.01720050064006
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