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Article
November 1962

Aggression and Effects of Upbringing in Normal Students

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1962;7(5):374-384. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1962.01720050064006
Abstract

Although child rearing has for long seemed a matter of great importance it has seldom been subjected to systematic study. It has, rather, been a field of speculation which has at best been informed and at worst, harmfully ignorant, in its quality. In recent years, however, there have been a number of studies which have helped to cast some light upon both normal and abnormal methods associated with certain disturbances of behavior in the children. Sears, Maccoby, and Levin began a study of 379 American families with 3 questions in mind: How do mothers raise their children? What effects do these practices have on the children's personality? and thirdly, What leads a mother to use one method rather than another? They concluded that warmth in the mother was a valuable quality and that maternal coldness was associated with the development of feeding problems and persistent

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