In a previous paper on runaway children, interview data were interpreted in terms of ego concepts in the area of mastery and control. The concern in this group seemed to be in relation to how much control they had in general, rather than specific drive-conflicts. The finding was that runaways perceived themselves as having relatively little control over external happenings (termed "outer uncontrol").4
In the present report, findings are presented concerning the "inner" controluncontrol of the same group of runaways, as well as the relationship between control over inner events and control over outer events. A scale was developed for rating degree of inner uncontrol, from initial interview data that had been analyzed for manifestations of uncontrol (and control). The criteria for uncontrol were: (1) Discharge-type behavior, for example, impulsivity, temper tantrums, excessive masturbation, enuresis. (2) Deficient mechanisms that usually regulate
LEVENTHAL T. Inner Control Deficiencies in Runaway Children. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1964;11(2):170–176. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1964.01720260064008
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.
Create a personal account or sign in to: