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September 1964

A Case of Camptocormia: Conversion in a Schizophrenic Process

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Psychiatry, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1964;11(3):277-281. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1964.01720270049005

Introduction  The process of conversion as manifested in the hysterical syndrome was the framework around which Freud3 developed psychoanalytic theory and technique. In recent years there has been a renewal of interest in the conversion process, and this has resulted in efforts by a number of authors to make a clear distinction between the conversion process and the hysterical personality, and to demonstrate that the conversion process is a symptomatic defensive operation which can exist along the entire range of personality types and psychopathological syndromes.6,11,21,22,28,33However, those cases in the literature which describe conversion symptoms in a schizophrenic illness often present certain difficulties. In the so called "borderline cases,"14,16,20,35 there are the problems of chronicity, of multiple and mixed symptomatology, of concomitant psychotic and neurotic defensive patterns, of varying degrees and phases of regression and restitution. In cases which have been

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