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November 1964

Vampirism: A Review With New Observations

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1964;11(5):543-547. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1964.01720290085012

Vampirism is defined as the act of drawing blood from an object, (usually a love object) and receiving resultant sexual excitement and pleasure. The blood may be drawn by various means such as biting, cutting, etc. The sucking or drinking of the blood from the wound is often an important part of the act but not an essential one. Vampirism is not considered in this paper as a sexual desire for corpses, as it has sometimes been defined. This latter syndrome is better classified as necrophilia.

The scientific literature on the subject of vampirism is extremely meager. What references there are, for the most part, treat the subject briefly and superficially. But the authors feel that such behavior and fantasies are more common and important than their relative absence in the literature would suggest. For though it is true that cases of pure vampirism are relatively