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September 1965

Parental Attitudes in Families: A Semantic Differential Study of Parental Attitudes in Families of Children Resident in a Therapeutic School and in Families With Well Children

Author Affiliations

Departments of psychology and psychiatry, University of Chicago and Staff Associate PPI, Michael Reese Hospital (Dr. Beck), and Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University (Dr. Nunnally).

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1965;13(3):208-213. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1965.01730030014003

WHILE STUDENTS of schizophrenia continue to confess themselves baffled concerning the etiology of this disorder, there is wide-spread agreement among them regarding some conditions in which it flourishes. Most fatefully these are the attitudes of the parents in relation to the patient as a child. In the study here reported we measured attitudes of parents of schizophrenic children and compared these measures with those of the same attitudes in parents of well children. Our assumption is that any significant differences found in so measuring the two population samples will contribute information of fresh interest concerning the psychological conditions favorable to the development of schizophrenia.

The Method  The semantic differential is a method designed for the measuring of attitudes. Its principal exponent has been Osgood who utilized it in his researches into the problem of meaning. For exposition of the method's logical bases and

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