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May 1967

The Voices of Time.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1967;16(5):641-642. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1967.01730230125016

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The attempts to organize and understand such early basic experiences as the cyclical biological rhythms of the body, the alternations of day and night, and the recurring seasonal variations encourages man to develop temporal concepts such as order, sequence, duration, change, and continuity. Concepts such as the capacity to delay, to anticipate, and to plan are temporal concepts which are essential components of adaptive functioning and of psychological maturation and growth (Hartmann, 1958). Time can be an external force to which one feels he must acquiesce or struggle against, or it can represent a source of order and regularity which permits cooperation and mutuality (Fraisse, 1963). Disturbances in the capacity to perceive, represent, and utilize time have been reported in many Psychological disorders, particularly in schizophrenia, impulse disorders, and depression. Thus, temporal concepts have been considered a vital part of psychological development and

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