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July 1967

Sleep Paralysis and Hypnagogic Hallucinations: Their Relationship to the Nightmare

Author Affiliations

From the Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1967;17(1):88-96. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1967.01730250090013

Imagination cannot conceive the horrors it [The Nightmare] frequently gives rise to, or language describe them in adequate terms . . . Everything horrible, disgusting or terrifying in the physical or moral world is brought before him in fearful array; he is hissed at by serpents, tortured by demons, stunned by the hollow voices and cold touch of apparitions . . . . At one moment he may have the consciousness of a malignant demon being at his side; then to shun the sight of so appalling an object, he will close his eyes, but still the fearful being makes its presence known; for its icy breath is felt diffusing itself over his visage, and he knows that he is face to face with a fiend. Then, if he looks up, he beholds horrid eyes glaring upon him, and an aspect of hell grinning at him with even more hellish malice. Or, he may have