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December 1967

Psychophysical Studies of Body-Image: III. Initial Studies of Disturbances in a Chronic Schizophrenic Group

Author Affiliations

From the Institute for Psychosomatic and Psychiatric Research and Training, Michael Reese Hospital, and Chicago State Hospital, Chicago.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1967;17(6):664-670. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1967.01730300024005

DISTURBANCES of body-image have been inferred from a wide range of observable behavior and from feelings and attitudes which include gross depersonalization, estrangement, distorted thoughts and emotions regarding the body, as well as distorted perceptions of the size and shape of body-parts.1 It is not unlikely that these various forms of disturbed body-image reflect the contributions of one or more sensory modalities and involve parallel disturbances in the perception of objects other than the self.

In the first paper of this series, we described a new method to evaluate one aspect of body-image, namely, the internalized picture that the person has of the physical appearance of the body.2 The instrument used in this assessment, called the adjustable body-distorting mirror, consists of a special full-length mirror of crystal glass quality which can be adjusted to reflect the body of the

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