THERE IS confusion in the behavioral sciences about the meaning of words. Often the same word is used in different contexts to mean different things. Most persons do not mean what the psychoanalyst means by interpretation. In the context of psychoanalytic theory, interpretation means making conscious what is unconscious. Analytic interpretation, in the narrow and specific sense, is a kind of cognition, insight that has been prepared for by the working out process. This understanding immediately under the surface of consciousness is then verbalized by the analyst for the patient if he cannot come to it himself. The traditional view of interpretation is to break through repression, to provide the patient with means for being able consciously to deal with the defensive operations previously performed by repression and resistance. On the other hand, interpretation is generally used in psychoanalytic practice as a way of making connections not only, however, between
Schwartz EK, Wolf A. The Interpreter in Group Therapy: Conflict Resolution Through Negotiation. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1968;18(2):186–193. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1968.01740020058007
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