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April 1968

On Suicide.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1968;18(4):511-512. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1968.01740040127020

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This little volume edited by Paul Friedman is a translation of discussions of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society in 1910 on suicide. The opening address is by Oppenheim, an educationist, who speaks defensively about the accusation that the secondary schools are responsible for suicides in their students. At the end of Oppenheim's presentation, Freud makes some cogent remarks which are highly significant in predicting some of Eric Erikson's astute work on the so-called adolescent moratorium. Freud states that the secondary school should give the pupils a desire to live and should support them as they are relaxing their ties with families. Freud felt that the schools fail in this, neither providing a substitute for the family nor arousing interest in life in the outside world. The school should never forget that it has to deal with immature individuals "who cannot be denied a

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