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July 1968

Eponym and IdentityBenedict Augustin Morel (1809-1873) and Ferdinand Morel (1888-1957)

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1968;19(1):104-109. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1968.01740070106015

IN THE psychiatric literature in English, Ferdinand Morel (Stewart-Morel-Morgani Syndrome) has often been confused with Benedict Augustin (Benoit Augustus) Morel (dementia praecox or Kraepelin-Morel disease; Morel's Ear). No less than four medical dictionaries1-4 list them as one and the same person. In Walter Bromberg's Man Above Humanity: A History of Psychotherapy,5 the name Frances Morel was used in lieu of Benedict Augustin Morel. In the new Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry edited by A. M. Freedman and H. I. Kaplan,6 both B. A. Morel and F. Morel were listed in the index but both names referred to Bonedict Augustin Morel.

Although mentioned as a Belgian psychiatrist in their successive editions of Modern Clinical Psychiatry by Noyes and Kolb,7 Benedict Augustin Morel was actually born in Vienna of French parents.8-10 He returned to Paris for his education and was an impecunious