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December 1968

Further Evaluation of Small Group Living Program With Schizophrenics

Author Affiliations

From the Psychiatry and Neurology Service, VA West Side Hospital, Chicago.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1968;19(6):717-726. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1968.01740120077011

ELEVEN YEARS ago, Williams, et al1 described a small group psychosocial treatment program for withdrawn schizophrenics called The Group Living Program (GLP). This program consisted of a four month intensive experience in which closed groups of six to eight schizophrenic patients lived, worked, relaxed, and received daily group psychotherapy together in a family-like atmosphere focused upon interpersonal relations and problems. An initial evaluation of this program was presented in a monograph by Williams, et al.2 This indicated that withdrawn schizophrenics treated with group living methods improve to the same degree, if not a somewhat higher one, than similar patients treated with routine psychiatric therapies. Patients treated by these routine methods revealed a tenuous improvement in personality functioning and interpersonal relations, deriving mainly from an increase in repression and personality constriction. Patients treated by group living methods revealed improvement in personality functioning and

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