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February 1969

Put-Offs and Come-Ons: Psychological Maneuvers and Stratagems.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1969;20(2):256. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1969.01740140128029

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In view of the widespread popularity and success which Eric Berne's Games People Play enjoyed, it is not surprising that an attempt to capitalize on its wide appeal would be made by another author. Put-Offs and Come-Ons is one such attempt.

Dr. Chapman describes a put-off force as one which drives people apart; a come-on force as one which draws people together. These forces operate in "well-organized patterns of behavior which people use" in all of their interactions with one another and are labeled "maneuvers and stratagems." A "maneuver" is defined as "an interpersonal act of relatively short duration (less than 1/2 day) by which the person accomplishes an interpersonally unhealthy objective." A "stratagem differs from a maneuver in degree rather than nature. It is more prolonged, more complex, and more pervasive in its use by the person in his interpersonal relationships." It may last for months,

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