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May 1969

The Language of Transference.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1969;20(5):610. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1969.01740170114020

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Dr. Shave's monograph, a volume of the International Psychiatry Clinics, raises many fundamental questions that involve all psychotherapists. His work results from an intensive study of recorded psychotherapy sessions. He employed "a formal, nondirective, client-centered, and 'free-associative,' but non-interpretive, technique, by which the therapist attempts to respond to the patient in the metaphorical context the patient chooses." Implied in his statement is his theory of psychopathology, his theory of therapy, and his theory of interpretation. What he chooses to emphasize in this work is the language of the transference situation. Dr. Shave believes that this transference language is evidenced by the repeated use of manifest metaphorical expression. He further asserts that this language, orally oriented in the basic and fundamental latent content, is characterized by ambivalence, dependency, hostility, and oral-incorporative guilt necessitating the use of unconscious latent language, previously described by the author as a "universal, underlying, primaryprocess, implied communication

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