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June 1969

Outcasts and Conformers in a Girls' Prison

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1969;20(6):700-708. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1969.01740180084008

EVERY social group has its deviants, some of whom exceed acceptable boundaries in their behavior and are cast out. Juvenile delinquents are deviants in general society, and some of them become outcasts when they are incarcerated in a prison (euphemistically called a training school).Some inmates in the prison become deviants by violating rules that the rest of the inmates follow. The most extreme deviants are transformed into prison outcasts by being further segregated in a jail within the prison.

The "Adjustment Cottage" was the name of the jail within the prison at the Illinois State Training School for Girls in Geneva, Ill. It was operated with maximum security; each girl was confined almost all the time to her own cell. Meals were served in the cell. Since each cell contained a washbasin and toilet, the girls only had to be let out for a biweekly shower, and

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