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March 1972

Thyroid Function and the Response to Liothyronine in Depression

Author Affiliations

Hanover, NH; Epsom, England; Chapel Hill, NC; Epsom, England
From the Department of Psychiatry, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH (Dr. Whybrow); The Medical Research Council Clinical Investigation Unit, Greenbank, West Park Hospital, Epsom, England (Drs. Coppen and Noguera and Mr. Bailey); and the Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina Medical School, Chapel Hill (Dr. Prange).

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1972;26(3):242-245. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1972.01750210050010

Longitudinal studies of thyroid function during a four-week comparative trial of imipramine hydrochloride and L-tryptophan in 30 depressed patients showed a significant fall in the free thyroxine index during the first week of the trial, but otherwise measures of thyroid activity were within normal limits and showed no change during clinical recovery. Administration of 25µg of L-triiodothyronine (T3, liothyronine sodium) for 14 days was sufficient to cause some suppression of endogenous thyroid function and demonstrated that the pituitary-thyroid axis remains responsive during depressive illness. Ankle reflex time estimated prior to treatment was very significantly correlated with response to imipramine therapy, ie, the patients with faster ankle reflex times showed a greater improvement than those with a slower ankle reflex time. A similar correlation was found between a low serum cholesterol level and a good clinical response to imipramine treatment.