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March 1974

Short vs Long Hospitalization: A Prospective Controlled Study: I. The Preliminary Results of a One-Year Follow-Up of Schizophrenics

Author Affiliations

San Francisco
From the Clinical Research Ward, Langley Porter Neuropsychiatric Institute, and the Department of Psychiatry, University of California at San Francisco.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1974;30(3):363-369. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1974.01760090071012

Although inpatient hospitalization of very short duration for schizophrenia is currently a widely prevalent treatment approach in the United States, there are few controlled studies of such treatment. Furthermore, there are no controlled studies comparing short-term (defined here as 21 to 28 days) with long-term (defined here as 90 to 120 days) inpatient treatment.

This study has been designed to try to answer, in part, the following question: What is the relative clinical cost-effectiveness of short-term hospitalization as an alternative to long-term hospitalization for schizophrenic patients in need of hospital care and for whom both types of treatment are judged clinically feasible?