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January 1976

Length of Hospitalization on a Short-Term Therapeutic Community: A Multivariate Study by Sex Across Time

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Sociology, Wayne State University, Detroit.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1976;33(1):87-92. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1976.01770010053011

• Patient length of hospitalization was examined in a private short-term therapeutic community unit using a longitudinal, multimethod, multivariate approach, with data analyzed separately by patient sex. Patient data were entered into stepwise linear regression analyses for weeks 1, 2, and 4 of an average sevenweek hospitalization for male and female patients separately.

Results for men were not specifically replicated among the women. Longer-staying men were diagnosed more frequently as "personality disorders," tended to be somewhat aloof, perceived the ward as encouraging denial, facade, order, and organization. Among women, verbal behavior, interpersonal relations, discontentedness with family, and other variables were related to length of hospitalization. Shorter-staying male and female patients tended to exhibit characteristics at the "feminine" end of a hypothetical masculinity-femininity continuum. Conforming, accepting behavior seemed reinforced for all patients.

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