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December 1976

Blackouts: Relationship With Memory Capacity and Alcoholism History

Author Affiliations

From the Carrier Clinic Foundation, Belle Mead, NJ. Ms Schneider is now at the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1976;33(12):1492-1496. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1976.01770120096010

• Male alcoholic inpatients with a high incidence of memory blackouts did not differ on several memory measures from subjects with a low incidence of blackouts. Alcoholism chronicity also did not differentiate between subjects on the Wechsler Memory Scale, tests of storage and decay of a memory trace, and maintenance of a concept along a temporal continuum. A history of blackouts was, however, related to drinking pattern. Highincidence subjects reported a significantly greater frequency of drinking to intoxication or until falling asleep, craving a drink, and increased tolerance to alcohol.

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