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March 1978

Meditation and Psychotherapeutic Effects: Self-Regulation Strategy and Altered State of Consciousness

Author Affiliations

From the Pacific Graduate School of Psychiatry (Dr Shapiro), Palo Alto, Calif; Clinical Instructor, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences (Dr Shapiro), Stanford University Medical School; and Department of Psychology (Mr Giber), Stanford University, Palo Alto, Calif. Mr Giber is currently with the Department of Psychology, Duke University, Durham, NC.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1978;35(3):294-302. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1978.01770270044003

• We review the research literature dealing with the psychotherapeutic effects of meditation. The first part of the article reviews studies in which meditation is viewed as a self-regulation strategy. In the second part, studies in which meditation is viewed as a technique for inducing altered states of consciousness are reviewed. We conclude by giving guidelines and suggestions for future research.

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