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June 1982

Panic and Generalized Anxiety Disorders: Developmental Antecedents and Precipitants

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Psychiatry, Mt Sinai School of Medicine and Beth Israel Medical Center, New York (Drs Raskin and Pinsker), and the University of California, San Francisco (Drs Peeke and Dickman).

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1982;39(6):687-689. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1982.04290060047009

• Seventeen subjects with panic disorder (PD) and 16 subjects with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) were interviewed to obtain their developmental and psychiatric histories. The groups reported a similar incidence of early separation, separation disorder in childhood, and separation causing exacerbation of symptoms. The groups differed significantly in that those with PD had a higher incidence of a grossly disturbed childhood environment and major depressive episodes. The results of this preliminary study support the validity of the DSM-III distinction between PD and GAD.