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June 1983

X-Chromosome Inactivation and the Study of X-Linked Dominant Transmission of Bipolar Illness

Author Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry University of Chicago 950 E 59th St Chicago, IL 60637

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1983;40(6):698-699. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1983.04390010108016

To the Editor.—Early research suggesting X-linked dominant transmission of some forms of bipolar illness was a stimulus for further investigation. Conflicting results of subsequent linkage studies, however, has led to a divergence of opinion about this mode of transmission. To provide an additional perspective on the complex task of determining whether such transmission of bipolar illness indeed exists, I will describe established X-linked dominant disorders in relation to our growing understanding of X-chromosome inactivation.

Winokur et al1 reported a withinpedigree association of affective disorders with the X-linked markers of protan and deutan color blindness and with the Xg blood group. (X-linked markers are traits controlled by genes that are located on the X chromosome.) Their study was a harbinger of a number of X-linkage studies on pedigrees identified by a member with bipolar illness,2,3 some providing evidence for X-linked dominant transmission of bipolar illness, and others not. Discussions of these

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