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Başoğlu et al60076 compared various forms of ill treatment and physical torture during captivity in terms of their psychological impact in 279 survivors of torture in former Yugoslavia. Psychological manipulations, humiliating treatment, exposure to aversive environmental conditions, and forced stress positions showed considerable overlap with physical torture stressors in terms of associated distress. They were also as likely to lead to posttraumatic stress disorder and depression as physical torture.
Heinks-Maldonado et al60069 assessed the forward model in schizophrenia using the N100 component of the auditory event-related potential to altered or unaltered speech. Hallucinating patients did not show suppression of N100 to unaltered self-voice feedback relative to altered voice feedback, suggesting imprecision of this mechanism.
This Month in Archives of General Psychiatry. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2007;64(3):268. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.64.3.268
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