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Surgical Reminiscence
March 2002

On Call

Arch Surg. 2002;137(3):363. doi:10.1001/archsurg.137.3.363

ELIZABETH BLACKWELL graduated in 1849 from Geneva Medical College, Geneva, NY, as the first woman graduate of a US medical school. However, the implacable march of time to the year 2000, when women made up 46% of the freshmen class, has been anything but linear. Today's rapidly approaching parity of women in medicine languished in prejudice and flawed social perceptions well into the 20th century. The percentage of women holding medical school full-time faculty positions in clinical and basic science departments was 28% in 2000, with only 12% in surgery positions, which shows that the disturbing lag in parity between men and women in academic medicine continues.