Each year, JAMA Surgery receives hundreds of submissions that retrospectively analyze large surgical databases. Although many of these attempt to shed light on new and important questions, most do not get published. A majority of submissions are not even sent out for peer review because they have clear flaws in the data analytic techniques or they attempt to address a research question that cannot be adequately answered with the proposed data set. Of those that are sent out for peer review, many are recommended to be rejected by expert peer reviewers as they find major methodological flaws in the use of these otherwise powerful data sets. Articles that are published frequently come from a select group of investigators who have developed a mastery of specific data sets and the analytic techniques required to truly harness their potential.
Identify all potential conflicts of interest that might be relevant to your comment.
Conflicts of interest comprise financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including but not limited to employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speaker's bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued.
Err on the side of full disclosure.
If you have no conflicts of interest, check "No potential conflicts of interest" in the box below. The information will be posted with your response.
Haider AH, Bilimoria KY, Kibbe MR. A Checklist to Elevate the Science of Surgical Database Research. JAMA Surg. Published online April 04, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0628
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.