Surgical decision making is not all about risk. Surgeons must weigh anticipated outcomes against expected burdens when contemplating decisions between surgery or no surgery.1 Developing a strategy for managing surgical problems and honoring patient priorities requires this calculation using a process of shared decision making. Although the tools to support surgical decision making have improved over time, the ability of surgeons to engage patients in shared decision making depends on their ability to use these tools correctly.
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Kopecky KE, Urbach D, Schwarze ML. Risk Calculators and Decision Aids Are Not Enough for Shared Decision Making. JAMA Surg. 2019;154(1):3–4. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.2446
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