To the Editor: The article titled “Future Directions for Breast Reconstruction on the 20th Anniversary of the Women’s Health and Cancer Rights Act” by Offodile and Lee1 raises valid points about the variations in breast reconstruction preferences patients may have. However, one factor that may affect preferences has been rarely addressed in the literature: not all patients who receive cancer-based mastectomy or reconstruction are cisgender women. Any patient with breast tissue can develop breast cancer, regardless of their gender identity.
Identify all potential conflicts of interest that might be relevant to your comment.
Conflicts of interest comprise financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including but not limited to employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speaker's bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued.
Err on the side of full disclosure.
If you have no conflicts of interest, check "No potential conflicts of interest" in the box below. The information will be posted with your response.
Not all submitted comments are published. Please see our commenting policy for details.
Nolan IT, Hazen A, Morrison SD. On the Gender Identity of Breast Patients. JAMA Surg. 2018;153(12):1164. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3227
Coronavirus Resource Center
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.
Create a personal account or sign in to: