New surgical procedures are continuously entering clinical practice. Evaluating these interventions to ensure their safe use is of the utmost importance. New procedures are distinctly different than other interventions (eg, pharmaceuticals).1,2 They are more complex, often require “tinkering” with techniques, and have learning curves with which to contend.2 Therefore, new surgical procedures proceed through a unique set of stages with their own evaluation end points.1
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Dimick JB, Sedrakyan A, McCulloch P. The IDEAL Framework for Evaluating Surgical Innovation: How It Can Be Used to Improve the Quality of Evidence. JAMA Surg. Published online June 05, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0903
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