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June 19, 2019

Use of Artificial Intelligence to Represent Emergent Systems and Augment Surgical Decision-making

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, University of Florida Health, Gainesville
  • 2Department of Medicine, University of Florida Health, Gainesville
JAMA Surg. Published online June 19, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1510

Aristotle first described emergent systems as being greater than the sum of their parts: “the totality is not, as it were, a mere heap, but the whole is something besides the parts.” Emergence occurs when an entity has properties that its individual components do not have but are attributable to interactions among its components. Recognizing and understanding emergent systems is important because attempts to interpret and influence them by their individual components are often unsuccessful.

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