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Surgical Outcomes Club
July 17, 2019

How Implementation Science in Surgery is Done

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Urology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
  • 2Department of Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City
  • 3Informatics, Decision Enhancement, and Analytic Sciences Center, George E. Wahlen Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Salt Lake City, Utah
JAMA Surg. Published online July 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1515

Surgeons strive to improve patients’ lives by consistently delivering high-quality surgical care. This requires that surgeons continually synthesize research evidence and apply this to routine clinical care. Of course, consistent adherence to evidence-based medicine is challenging. The paradoxical dilemma between knowing and doing what is right is the foundation for implementation science, the study of strategies to promote uptake of effective interventions into routine practice with the aim of improving population health.1 Implementation science has great appeal through its relatability, adaptability, and far-reaching influence by translating what clinicians know into what they do.

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