In her groundbreaking 1989 paper, Kimberlé Crenshaw introduced the term intersectionality and defined the intersectional challenges for women of color as “greater than the sum of racism and sexism.”1(p140) She proposed that a single identity, such as sex, race, or ethnicity, cannot accurately define the experiences of a group of people and attempts to do so will particularly marginalize those who are at the intersection of overlapping identities. The concept has been expanded to include age, sexual orientation, gender identity, and socioeconomic class, among other identities.
Identify all potential conflicts of interest that might be relevant to your comment.
Conflicts of interest comprise financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including but not limited to employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speaker's bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued.
Err on the side of full disclosure.
If you have no conflicts of interest, check "No potential conflicts of interest" in the box below. The information will be posted with your response.
Not all submitted comments are published. Please see our commenting policy for details.
Park KY, Chaiet SR, Greenberg CC. Diversity and Inclusion—One Size Does Not Fit All. JAMA Surg. 2020;155(1):30–31. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4082
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.
Create a personal account or sign in to: