The decision to operate on high-risk patients can be challenging. To our knowledge, there is little evidence available for guidance and wide variability in practice.1 Surgeons may encounter clinical scenarios in which they believe that the chances of improving a patient’s life are minimal compared with the risks of surgery, yet the notion of futility in surgery remains controversial.2
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Resio BJ, Chiu AS, Zhang Y, Pei KY. Characterization of High Mortality Probability Operations at National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Hospitals. JAMA Surg. 2020;155(1):85–88. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.3750
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