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Invited Commentary
November 27, 2019

Transitioning Cognitive Aids for Training to Tools for Rescue in Clinical Practice

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City
  • 2Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire
  • 3Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire
JAMA Surg. Published online November 27, 2019. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamasurg.2019.4705

Cognitive aids are tools that guide users with variable experience during tasks to standardize clinical care. Their use serves to reduce errors and improve overall performance by promoting more consistent practices. Cognitive aids are ideally derived from best-practices guidelines and should aid in team functioning.1 Some aids have been demonstrated to be effective in clinical situations and are in current use, such as the Broselow pediatric emergency tape.2 It follows that surgeons caring for a surgical patient with a deteriorating condition could benefit from cognitive aids to guide rescue management.

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