In July 1920, the first issue of Archives of Surgery was published by the American Medical Association. William J. Mayo, MD, who was a member of the editorial board and authored the inaugural Editorial, indicated that Archives of Surgery would follow the character and scope of its sister journals, Archives of Internal Medicine, Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, and the American Journal of Diseases of Children. Interestingly, Mayo also commented that Archives of Surgery would not compete with the other 2 prominent surgical journals that existed at the time: Annals of Surgery, established in 1885, and Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics, established in 1905. The trustees who founded Archives of Surgery believed that creating this new surgical journal would help alleviate the publication burden of the other 2 surgical journals while also creating a “sphere of its own” that would be “sufficiently useful to the profession to warrant its entering the field.”1Archives of Surgery succeeded in that endeavor.
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Kibbe MR, Bauchner H. Announcing the 100th Anniversary of JAMA Surgery, 1920 to 2020. JAMA Surg. 2020;155(3):187–189. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.5467
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