In the past, stereotypical surgeon-scientists were busy clinical surgeons who studied the intersection of their clinical specialty and biology in a laboratory setting. They harnessed their passion and interest in clinical pathophysiology in the laboratory with their innate desire to fix problems in the operating room. However, with the growing complexity of our health care system, surgeons’ focus has slowly shifted to the epidemiology of surgical diseases, trying to understand the patient-level implications of our clinical decisions and the population-level effect of operations we perform every day. These areas of scientific inquiry are commonly referred to as health services research (HSR).
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Ghaferi AA, Haider AH, Kibbe MR. Maximizing the Impact of Surgical Health Services Research: The Methodology Toolbox. JAMA Surg. 2020;155(3):190–191. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.5479
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