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Research Letter
April 15, 2020

National Evaluation of Racial/Ethnic Discrimination in US Surgical Residency Programs

Author Affiliations
  • 1Surgical Outcomes and Quality Improvement Center, Department of Surgery and Center for Healthcare Studies, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois
  • 2American College of Surgeons, Chicago, Illinois
  • 3Department of Surgery, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
  • 4Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts
  • 5Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, Chicago, Illinois
  • 6Division of Pediatric Surgery, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois
JAMA Surg. Published online April 15, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0260

Discrimination in medicine has been associated with decreased productivity, as well as increased alcohol use, depression, attrition, and suicidality among physicians.1,2 In surgical training, discrimination is common2 but has not been comprehensively evaluated among racial/ethnic minorities. The objectives of this study were to (1) determine the national prevalence and sources of discrimination based on race/ethnicity in US general surgery programs, (2) identify factors associated with discrimination, and (3) assess its association with resident wellness.

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