[Skip to Navigation]
Sign In
Views 534
Citations 0
Comment & Response
May 6, 2020

Reactive Artificial Intelligence Using Big Data in the Era of Precision Medicine

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Head and Neck Oncology, Health Care Global Cancer Center, Bangalore, India
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(7):671. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0839

To the Editor There are 3 stages in the evolution of artificial intelligence (AI)–based decision-making systems. Today, the tech world is in stage II, the stage of general intelligence level. However, most current-generation health care machines and systems are built on narrow-intelligence AI and use reactive type machines, which are still in stage I of evolution. This essentially means there is a lag between technological advances and biologic advances.

There are a number of research studies suggesting that AI can perform as well as or better than humans at key health care tasks.1 Artificial intelligence–based health care solutions today run on narrow AI, which is purely data driven and aims to deliver evidence-based medicine by overcoming human limitations and thus hoping to improve health care outcomes. The algorithms use a statistical technique for fitting models to data and to “learn” by training models with data.1 Therefore, the backbone of AI in this stage of development is entirely based on the big data, data reliability, and its interpretation. This stage does not take into account the outliers who contribute to the small data.

Add or change institution
Limit 200 characters
Limit 25 characters
Conflicts of Interest Disclosure

Identify all potential conflicts of interest that might be relevant to your comment.

Conflicts of interest comprise financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including but not limited to employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speaker's bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued.

Err on the side of full disclosure.

If you have no conflicts of interest, check "No potential conflicts of interest" in the box below. The information will be posted with your response.

Not all submitted comments are published. Please see our commenting policy for details.

Limit 140 characters
Limit 3600 characters or approximately 600 words