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Research Letter
May 27, 2020

Trends in Sex and Racial/Ethnic Diversity in Applicants to Surgery Residency and Fellowship Programs

Author Affiliations
  • 1Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York
  • 2Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York
  • 3Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Mount Sinai Health System, New York, New York
JAMA Surg. Published online May 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1018

Representation of women and minority populations remains low in surgery. In 1964, 93% of all US medical students were male and 97% were non-Hispanic white.1 Women were only recognized in surgery in the late 20th century.2 Today, women make up less than 25% of multiple surgical specialties.3 African American and Hispanic American individuals each compose about only 3% to 4% of academic surgical faculty.4 We investigated the trends in sex and racial/ethnic diversity of the applicant pool to US surgical residency and fellowship programs throughout the past decade.

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