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Comment & Response
July 29, 2020

Training of Male and Female Surgical Residents—Reply

Author Affiliations
  • 1Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison
JAMA Surg. 2020;155(10):1001-1002. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2451

In Reply We appreciate the responses to our Viewpoint, “Should We Train Female and Male Residents Slightly Differently?”1 and thank the authors for continuing the conversation. It is clear that we all share a deep commitment to gender equality and creating an environment of equal opportunity for all surgical trainees.

We wrote our Viewpoint1 to propose potential mechanisms behind a gender disparity gap in surgical training: namely, female trainees have less operative autonomy than male trainees (see Babchenko and Gast and references therein1 and Meyerson et al2). This inequality may be owing to implicit gender bias (IGB); gender differences in confidence, self-assessment, and risk-taking (GDCAR); and gender differences in the assertiveness-likability relationship (ALR; assertive behaviors hinder women’s likability and are thus unconsciously avoided).1 Implicit gender bias, GDCAR, and ALR are not our opinions or stereotypes, but rather demonstrated research findings echoed in myriad fields, including surgery.1

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