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Guide to Statistics and Methods
Reporting Guidelines
April 7, 2021

SRQR and COREQ Reporting Guidelines for Qualitative Studies

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
  • 2Institute for Health Policy and Innovation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
  • 3Department of Emergency Medicine, UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California
  • 4Statistical Editor, JAMA Surgery
  • 5Web and Social Media Editor, JAMA Surgery
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(9):875-876. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.0525

Appropriate criteria for evaluating rigor in qualitative research depend on the specifics of the approach and methods used, but inadequate reporting hinders the ability of readers to interpret and assess the strength of any qualitative study.1-5 The Standards for Reporting Qualitative Research (SRQR)5 and the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research (COREQ)4 are 2 attempts to improve transparency in qualitative health research through standardizing study reporting (Box). Both guidelines were derived by comparing, synthesizing, and supplementing previously published recommendations. The COREQ checklist was published in 2007, synthesized 22 original sources, and is a 32-item checklist. The SRQR was published in 2014, synthesized 40 original sources (including the COREQ), incorporated a review by 5 independent experts, and resulted in a 21-item list of standards.

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