The culture of surgical training is rapidly evolving. As the proportion of women graduating from US medical schools has risen, so has the number of women choosing surgical careers; nevertheless, women remain underrepresented in surgery.1,2 Although the 80-hour workweek has introduced some predictability into duty hours, general surgery attrition remains greater than 20%, and women having children during surgical training may be at high risk, given the structural, cultural, financial, and sociopolitical challenges pregnant and postpartum residents face.3,4 As more women choose to have children during surgical residency, it is imperative that these challenges are addressed, because these are likely the same factors deterring women from a surgical career at the outset.5
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George EL, Fox P, Hawn MT. Life Happens, Even to Surgical Trainees. JAMA Surg. 2021;156(7):653. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.1811
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