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Research Letter
June 9, 2021

Publication Productivity and Bibliometric Profiling of Graduating General Surgery Chief Residents

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, Washington
  • 2Department of Clinical Investigation, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, Washington
  • 3Department of Surgery, William Beaumont Army Medical Center, El Paso, Texas
  • 4Department of Surgery, Brooke Army Medical Center, San Antonio, Texas
  • 5Department of Surgery, Womack Army Medical Center, Fort Bragg, North Carolina
JAMA Surg. Published online June 9, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.2073

A graduating surgical resident is an expert clinician and scientist. The Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) endorses the surgeon-scientist in its requirement for scholarly activity, emphasizing a “scholarly approach to patient care…grounded in the principles of evidence based medicine...[and expanding] the knowledge base through dissemination.”1,p35 This dissemination occurs through publication in peer-reviewed forums, and bibliometric profiling with citation metrics, such as the Hirsch index (h-index), measures an individual’s research output.2 Academic rank is correlated with h-index,3,4 and gender disparities exist in publication productivity among surgery faculty.5,6 This study aimed to characterize the publication productivity of graduating general surgery residents and to assess factors associated with a chief resident’s academic research output.

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