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Invited Commentary
July 7, 2021

Artificial Intelligence for Augmenting Perioperative Surgical Decision-Making—Are We There Yet?

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, University Health Network, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 2Department of Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
JAMA Surg. Published online July 7, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.3050

Interest in the role of artificial intelligence (AI) in medicine is growing exponentially. Machine learning models have been trained to perform diagnostic and decision support functions, including interpretation of radiographic abnormalities, detection of polyps during endoscopy, and prediction of melanoma from images of skin lesions.1-3 In surgery, AI also has the potential to inform intraoperative decisions.4,5

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