Copyright 1999 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.1999
DURING MY surgical residency at the University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, in the 1950s, in addition to the daily duties required by the training program, I was involved with the development of the first successful bubble oxygenator for total bypass of the heart and lungs.1 The project was the brainchild of Leland Clark, Jr, PhD, a biochemist at the Fels Institute at Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio, who led the research team with James Helmsworth, MD, a thoracic surgeon, and Samuel Kaplan, MD, a cardiologist. Thomas Larsen, MD, was a surgical resident on rotation with the laboratory service.
Sherman RT. Necessity Is the Mother of Invention. Arch Surg. 1999;134(1):104. doi:10.1001/archsurg.134.1.104
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