This article represents a retrospective study on the results of different modalities of treatment of hydatid disease of the liver, concluding that capitonnage, omentoplasty, cystectomy, lobectomy, and cystoenterostomy are superior to tube drainage and that marsupialization or tube drainage should be avoided as much as possible. Human hydatid disease, an endemic disease in many countries, is caused by a parasite that is identified as Echinococcus granulosus or Echinococcus multilocularis. Most of the embryos are trapped in the liver and the rest pass through the liver and are scattered to other organs such as the lung, brain, or spleen, where they develop into hydatid cysts. Although the proliferation and differentiation of germinal cells of E multilocularis are presumed to be deeply involved in the incidence of this disease, the clinocopathologic features of the disease are not well established. Chemotherapy is reportedly not effective in most cases.
Kazutomo Inoue. Invited Critique: Surgical Treatment of Hydatid Disease of the Liver. Arch Surg. 1999;134(2):169. doi:10.1001/archsurg.134.2.169