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Operative Technique
August 2001

Ex Situ Splitting of the Liver: The Versatile Paul Brousse Technique

Author Affiliations

Copyright 2001 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.2001

Arch Surg. 2001;136(8):956-961. doi:10.1001/archsurg.136.8.956

Split liver transplantation was introduced to alleviate the organ shortage. Comparable morbidity, graft, and patient survival rates have been reported with the use of either split or whole liver for transplantation. This article gives a detailed illustrated report of our splitting technique. Alternative techniques are also discussed. Both techniques of in situ vs ex situ splitting should be developed according to the logistical possibilities. Depending on the desired volume of the left graft, the cutting line may be shifted, particularly to the right of the middle hepatic vein, the whole of segment 4 being then included in the left graft (when the recipients are 2 adults). Split liver transplantation increases graft availability by 15% to 28%. At present, the goal of split liver transplantation clearly has to be its clinical application in 2 adults to tackle the problem of organ shortage in this population, which accounts for more than 90% of deaths in those who are on the waiting list.