We thank Dr Cooper for his thoughtful comment in which he raises 3 important issues about our article. The first two we agree with unreservedly. First, although postoperative debriefing was not part of our research intervention, it can offer a powerful corollary to preoperative briefing, providing additional opportunities for conflict resolution and team learning. Second, while our research ethics approval precluded the implementation of preoperative briefings with emergency surgical procedures, the benefits of briefing in such emergent contexts are likely high and, therefore, worthy of study.
Lingard L. Preoperative Checklists and Team Briefings—Reply. Arch Surg. 2008;143(10):1024. doi:10.1001/archsurg.143.10.1024-a
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